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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Patriots/ which was not only composed from Poles who were
Catholics., but even of Poles who were Hebrews. Wasilewska, a voluntary
Russian citizen and a member of the Supreme Council of the U.S.S.R.,
and the Soviet General Berling^ also a Russian official, were nominated
as leaders of the c Union.3
A second remarkable fact regarding this * Union' was that the Poles
composinglit had been discovered in Moscow, a city where only those
people who were necessary for vital war work were allowed to live.
but certainly no Polish deportees. How strictly this rule was observed
can be judged from one Polish M.P. (the late M. Mastek) who, released
from the labour camp after the Treaty of 1941, was brought to the head
office in Moscow under the armed escort of the N.K.V.D.j the official
accompanying him was halted before the capital since the permit to
enter was in the name of the prisoner only.
The Soviet's formation of this e Union of Polish Patriots ' in Moscow
as the nucleus of Russian influence in Poland, was intended to serve as
an instrument to disintegrate the Polish people. Its Fifth Column
activities were to be masked under slogans which would carry some weight
on Polish soil. Ultimately, this ' Union ' was to form the substitute, and
act as the competitor, to the Polish Government in London.
The creation of similar bodies under the name of  committees 5 or
6 governments * in Moscow has been one of the most characteristic
features and a well-tried method of the Red Kremlin from the very
beginning of its existence and its fight for power. In 1918, Lenin had
created one such c government * for Finland. When the Germans were
quitting Russia and the Ukraine in 1918-1919, and the Bolsheviks were
advancing into the territories of the Polish Republic, they had, in turn,
created several such * governments.5 On December 8, 1.918, Moscow
announced the formation of a c Provisional Worker-Peasant Revolutionary
Government of Lithuania,3 although the Bolsheviks had still at the time
been far away from that country. The same year on December 31,
*Zygmunt Berling, a retired Lieutenant-Colonel* was a descendent of the
German colonists. At the beginning of 1939, he was released from the Polish.
Army as inefficient. His character revealed a great self-appraisal of his own gifts
and qualifications, with the complex that he had never been fully appreciated by his
The Soviet press and radio published a fantastic biography of this Befling,
quoting him as an * eminent scholar' and the victim of an anti-democratic regime.
In actual fact, however, he was indifferent to any political questions and had the
reputation of being an exceptional snob. He published a small booklet^ The
Officer^ and How he should Conduct Himself9 in which he expressed the most ultra
anti-democratic opinions in the exaggerated * old school tie * style of the
former Austrian Army. This booklet and its author became the butt of his
colleagues' wit and Berling re-called The Officer from the booksellers.
Guided by his own personal ambitions, Berling transferred his loyalties to the
Russian camp. Moscow rewarded his action by appointing him a Soviet General.
By the end of 1944, he was sacked and his name no longer heard in Soviet